07 Iran Primary Readings

07 Iran Primary Readings - Primary Readings Unit Seven:...

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Primary Readings for Unit 7, Persians List of Readings 7.1 The Cyrus Cylinder and Ezra 1:1-4 7.2 Hebrew Bible, Isaiah 44:28-45:1-4, The Cyrus Prophecy 7.3 Josephus’ account of Cyrus and the Jews 7.4 Herodotus’ account of Cyrus’ conquest of Babylon 7.5 Darius's Inscription 7.6 Zarathushtra's Prophecy of a Messiah (Saoshyant) 7.7 Ezra 3 (rebuilding the temple) 7.8 Elephantine Papyri Primary Readings Unit Seven: Persians 1
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7. 1 Cyrus Cylinder A weakling [Nabonidus, r. 556-539] was installed as the king of his [the god Marduk’s] country [Babylon]; he removed the correct images of the gods and replaced them with imitations. . . . He blabbered incorrect rituals. . . . He changed the worship of Marduk, the king of the gods, into abomination. . . . The people of Babylon complained, and the Lord of the gods became very angry. . . . He [Marduk, king of the gods] scanned and looked through all the countries [of the world], searching for a righteous ruler to lead Marduk in the annual procession. He [Marduk] pronounced the name of Cyrus, king of Persia to become ruler of all the world. . . . God ordered Cyrus to march against his city Babylon. . . . Cyrus entered Babylon without a battle. . . . The people happily greeted him as a master through whose help they had come to life from death. . . . I am Cyrus, king of the world, great king, legitimate king, king of Babylon, king of Sumer and Akkad, king of the four quarters, son of Cambyses. . . . Marduk, the great lord, was well pleased with my deeds and sent friendly blessings to me, Cyrus. . . . All the kings of the entire world, from the Upper Sea to the Lower Sea, . . . brought their heavy tributes and kissed my feet in Babylon. . . . May all the gods whom I have resettled in their sacred cities as daily Bel [Ba’al] and Nebo for a long life for me. [Cyrus the Great, Babylonian, -530] adapted from J. Pritchard, The ancient Near East; an anthology of texts and pictures (Princeton, 1969) p. 206-208 Ezra 1:1-4 Ezra 1:1 aIn the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, bthat the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so cthat he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also put it in writing: Ezra 1:2 “Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and dhe has charged me to build him a house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. 3 Whoever is among you of all his people, may his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and rebuild the house of the LORD, the God of Israel—ehe is the God who is in Jerusalem. 4 And let each survivor, in whatever place he sojourns, be assisted by the men of his place with silver and gold, with goods and with beasts, besides freewill offerings for the house of God that is in Jerusalem.” Primary Readings Unit Seven: Persians 2
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7.2 Isaiah's Prophecy [Isaiah 44:28-45:1-4, Hebrew, -700] [The Lord] saith of Cyrus, "He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Sabey during the Fall '08 term at BYU.

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07 Iran Primary Readings - Primary Readings Unit Seven:...

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