07 Iran Primary Readings

07 Iran Primary Readings - Primary Readings Unit Seven...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Primary Readings for Unit 7, Persians List of Readings 7.1 The Cyrus Cylinder and Ezra 1:1-4 7.2 Hebrew Bible, Isaiah 44:28-45:1-4, The Cyrus Prophecy 7.3 Josephus’ account of Cyrus and the Jews 7.4 Herodotus’ account of Cyrus’ conquest of Babylon 7.5 Darius's Inscription 7.6 Zarathushtra's Prophecy of a Messiah (Saoshyant) 7.7 Ezra 3 (rebuilding the temple) 7.8 Elephantine Papyri Primary Readings Unit Seven: Persians 1
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
7. 1 Cyrus Cylinder A weakling [Nabonidus, r. 556-539] was installed as the king of his [the god Marduk’s] country [Babylon]; he removed the correct images of the gods and replaced them with imitations. . . . He blabbered incorrect rituals. . . . He changed the worship of Marduk, the king of the gods, into abomination. . . . The people of Babylon complained, and the Lord of the gods became very angry. . . . He [Marduk, king of the gods] scanned and looked through all the countries [of the world], searching for a righteous ruler to lead Marduk in the annual procession. He [Marduk] pronounced the name of Cyrus, king of Persia to become ruler of all the world. . . . God ordered Cyrus to march against his city Babylon. . . . Cyrus entered Babylon without a battle. . . . The people happily greeted him as a master through whose help they had come to life from death. . . . I am Cyrus, king of the world, great king, legitimate king, king of Babylon, king of Sumer and Akkad, king of the four quarters, son of Cambyses. . . . Marduk, the great lord, was well pleased with my deeds and sent friendly blessings to me, Cyrus. . . . All the kings of the entire world, from the Upper Sea to the Lower Sea, . . . brought their heavy tributes and kissed my feet in Babylon. . . . May all the gods whom I have resettled in their sacred cities as daily Bel [Ba’al] and Nebo for a long life for me. [Cyrus the Great, Babylonian, -530] adapted from J. Pritchard, The ancient Near East; an anthology of texts and pictures (Princeton, 1969) p. 206-208 Ezra 1:1-4 Ezra 1:1 aIn the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, bthat the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so cthat he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also put it in writing: Ezra 1:2 “Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and dhe has charged me to build him a house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. 3 Whoever is among you of all his people, may his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and rebuild the house of the LORD, the God of Israel—ehe is the God who is in Jerusalem. 4 And let each survivor, in whatever place he sojourns, be assisted by the men of his place with silver and gold, with goods and with beasts, besides freewill offerings for the house of God that is in Jerusalem.” Primary Readings Unit Seven: Persians 2
Image of page 2
7.2 Isaiah's Prophecy [Isaiah 44:28-45:1-4, Hebrew, -700] [The Lord] saith of Cyrus, "He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, They foundation shall be laid.
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern