08a-1 Greece - History of Greece ❖ Peloponnesian War...

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“What Has Jerusalem to do with Athens?” Greece and the Near East Greece Greece
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Mycenaean Greece 1600 to 1150 BC Aryan bronze age warbands Homeric “heroic age” and the war with Troy collapse and Sea Peoples “dark age” = decline of literacy and cities 1150 to 750 BC Philistines Golden Age of Greece 750 to 323 BC city states and limited democracy maritime empire Foundations of Western civilization art architecture literature philosophy government history drama
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What caused the Golden Age? What caused the Golden Age? Values wealth patronage slavery conquests History of Greece Persian Wars, 499 to 478 BC triumph of Greece over Persians naval superiority
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Unformatted text preview: History of Greece ❖ Peloponnesian War, 431-404 BC ✦ suicidal war: Athens vs. Sparta ❖ Macedonian conquests ✦ Philip, 359 to 336 BC ✦ rise of the phalanx military system The Greek Polis (city-state) ❖ Acropolis ❖ Temples: priesthood, sacrifices ❖ Agora/Marketplace ❖ Public Assemblies: government, courts ✦ Democracy The Greek Polis (city-state) ❖ Theatre: tragedies, comedies ❖ Stadium: athletics ❖ Gymnasium: training the mind and body ❖ Warfare ❖ Exportation of the Polis culture beyond Greece through Alexander and the Hellenistic Age ❖ Hellenism = spread of Greek culture, religion, and language beyond Greece...
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