08c-1 Hasmoneans

08c-1 Hasmoneans - The Hasmoneans(Ha-Shmoni(Maccabees A...

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The Hasmoneans ( Ha-Shmoni ) (Maccabees) A Century of Jewish Independence Sources Josephus Antiquities of the Jews The Jewish War, Book 1 Kent Brown and R. Holzapfel, Between the Testaments (Deseret 2002) Background 198 Battle of Banias Seleucids defeat the Ptolemies Seleucids rule over Palestine 168 Seleucid Antiochus IV invades Egypt withdraws in face of Romans Jews revolt on hearing rumor of death
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Antiochus IV, Epiphanes “Manifestation (of God)” Or epimanes = “out of his mind” The High Priesthood Death of Simon II, 175 ( ha- adik = “the righteous”) Onias III (Traditional, pro-Ptolemy/Egypt) vs. Jason (Joshua) = Hellenizer, pro-Seleucid/Syria Bribery to become High Priest High Priest Onias III flees to Egypt and establishes new Temple at Leontopolis Enforced Hellenization Forbade practice of Judaism: circumcision, Torah, Sabbath Must sacrifice to pagan gods Sold office of High Priest outside of Zadokite family
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Sabey during the Fall '08 term at BYU.

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08c-1 Hasmoneans - The Hasmoneans(Ha-Shmoni(Maccabees A...

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