09b-1 Herodian Judea

09b-1 Herodian Judea - Judea under Roman Rule Judaism in...

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Judea under Roman Rule Judaism in the First Centuries BC Based on old religion of state of Israel Old Testament Diaspora ("Scattering") of Jews from 700 BC to all parts of the Near East Mainly Babylon and Egypt Hellenization of Jews from 2nd century BC 4 million outside of Israel, 1 million inside Alexandria Greek Bible (Septuagint; LXX) Philo, Josephus New Testament
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The Temple Worship only at Temple in Jerusalem but Temples of Onias and Elephantine in Egypt no sacrifice to Emperor Control of Society by High Priest and temple priesthood puppets of Herod and the Romans The Temple Many see temple as corrupted Eschatology of Temple purification of Temple practices restoration of true priesthood rebuilding of perfected temple Jewish Sectarianism Pharisees (“Separatists”) Sadduces (Zaddokites = priests) Essenes (Dead Sea Scrolls) Zealots Samaritans ‘Am ha-Eretz (“People of the Land”) Scribes, Lawyers Publicans
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09b-1 Herodian Judea - Judea under Roman Rule Judaism in...

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