Psych 341- Learning Theories

Psych 341- Learning Theories - Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec...

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Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec 1 Learning Theories Chapter 8 How do learning theorists go about studying personality? -Learning theorists use empiricism to study personality, meaning all knowledge comes from experience. They are largely based on experimental analysis of behavior in controlled laboratory settings. (Classical and operant conditioning) What are habits, drives, and reinforcers, and what are examples of each? -The structure of personality is habits or a frequent association between a stimulus and a response; they can appear and disappear. A drive is a strong stimulation that produces discomfort, such as hunger. A reinforce is any event that increases the likelihood of a particular response. Primary reinforcers include food, water, and sleep, secondary reinforcers include money. How did Dollard & Miller integrate learning theory with psychoanalysis? In particular, what are the four types of conflict they discussed? -Approach-approach conflict: the individual is attracted to two positive, but incompatible goals. -Avoidance-avoidance conflict: the person faces two undesirable choices. -Approach-avoidance conflict: on goal both attracts and repels the individual. -Double approach-avoidance: an individual must deal simultaneously with multiple goals that both attract and repel. What are the four parts of the learning process and what is an example of how they would
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course PSYCH 341 taught by Professor Slife during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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Psych 341- Learning Theories - Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec...

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