Psych 341- Trait Theories

Psych 341- Trait Theories - Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec 1...

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Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec 1 Trait Theories Chapter 10 How did Allport define personality? -Personality is the dynamic (moving and changing) organization (structured) within the individual of those psychophysical (mind and body) systems that determine (structured by the past and predisposing the future) his characteristic (unique for each individual) behavior and thought. What is the difference between a continuity and discontinuity theory of personality development? -A continuity theory says that the development of personality is essentially the accumulation of skills, habits, and discriminations, without anything really new appearing in the person’s makeup. Thus, they are closed systems. A discontinuity theory says that in development, an organism experiences genuine transformations or changes and consequently reaches successively higher levels of organization. Growth is thus qualitatively different. How are common traits different from personal dispositions? -A common trait is a hypothetical construct that permits us to compare individuals within a given culture, thus they are comparable traits that allow us to compare predispositions. Personal dispositions are general determining characteristics that are unique to the individual who has it. Comparisons cannot be made among personal dispositions but they are necessary to personality. How did Allport differentiate cardinal, central, and secondary personal dispositions? -A cardinal disposition is so pervasive that almost every behavior of the individual appears to be influenced by it, e.g. lust for power, Mother Teresa. These are rare. Central dispositions are highly characteristic tendencies of an individual that provide the adjectives one would use to describe that individual in a letter of recommendation. Secondary dispositions are more specific, focused tendencies that are often situational in character and less crucial to the personality. Why did Allport coin the term “proprium,” and what does it refer to?
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course PSYCH 341 taught by Professor Slife during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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Psych 341- Trait Theories - Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec 1...

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