Psych 341-Altruism

Psych 341-Altruism - Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec 1 Goals...

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Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec 1 Heckhausen What is the difference between “motivation” and “volition”? -Motivation is why we strive for certain goals while volition is taking the appropriate action to achieve that goal. What are the four action phases, and how do they relate to motivation and volition? -The four action phases are choosing, planning, acting, and evaluating. Choosing is a matter of deciding between alternative goals as to which goal to pursue. The planning stage is used when action must be delayed because of not-yet-present opportunities or the like. Next is the action phase when goals and plans are implemented and information processing should be realization oriented. Lastly, the postactional phase is evaluation in which you determine whether the action outcome matches the original goal. What is the “Rubicon” and what is its role in the process? -The Rubicon is a metaphor relating Caesar’s troops crossing the river Rubicon, thus starting a civil war in the Roman Empire, to goal setting. Crossing the Rubicon means to make a decision that has irrevocable consequences. How does she think about human agency and how it relates to nature/genes and nurture/environment? -She says that individuals have a significant role in their lives based on the context of opportunities and constraints provided by biological changes and social context. What roles do individuals consciously/deliberately play in their life?
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Psych 341-Altruism - Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec 1 Goals...

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