Psych 341-Bio-Neuro-Evo

Psych 341-Bio-Neuro-Evo - Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec 1...

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Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec 1 Bio-Neuro-Evo Atkinson According to this evolutionary approach, how/why does religion lead to greater prosociality? -Religion leads to greater prosociality because it prevents free-riding and promotes group cohesion, trust, and cooperation. It may also be the release of endorphins during religious activities such as singing or dancing. Also, belief in a supernatural agent, or God, increases prosocial behavior as it gives the feeling of being watched. It also provides a threat of punishment for noncooperation. What is “supernatural policing/monitoring,” what role does it play in behavior, and what purpose/function does it have in terms of evolution? -Supernatural policing is the idea that you are constantly being watched by a supernatural agent. This promotes prosocial behavior as people want to avoid punishment for bad actions. This may play a role in evolution as it increases group stability and cooperation towards public goods. Enforcement of punishment must be high as well to prevent free-riding. What are the study hypotheses? -They hypothesize that those who believe in God will rate moral transgression as less justifiable than those who do not. Also, those with stronger beliefs about the unjustifiability of moral transgression will also believe in heaven and hell. These will help to prove supernatural monitoring and punishment. Lastly, those who believe in a personal God will rate moral transgression as less justifiable than those who believe in a Spirit or Life.
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course PSYCH 341 taught by Professor Slife during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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Psych 341-Bio-Neuro-Evo - Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec 1...

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