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Psych 341-Erickson

Psych 341-Erickson - Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec 1...

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Caitlin Dekker Psych 341 Sec 1 Neo-Psychoanalytic: Erikson What events from Erikson’s life may have led to his theoretical ideas and how/why? - Erikson was the result of extramarital relations, thus he never knew his father and was later adopted by his mother’s second husband, but they didn’t tell him about the adoption. He coined the term “identity crisis” because he had dealt with an identity crisis himself. Also, he did not know his biological background and grew up in a Jewish neighborhood when he was clearly Danish and different from everyone else. This rejection as a child may also have led to his theories on society and customs shaping children. In what ways did Erikson extend Freud’s theory? - Erikson extended Freud’s theory of the ego saying that it is unique to each individual’s genetic, cultural, and historical contexts. Second, he added a social dimension to Freud’s stages of development. Third, he extended development to include the entire life span and fourth, he showed how culture, society, and history affect our personality. What was Erikson’s view of the ego? - Erikson believed the ego played a unifying role that creates consistent behavior and conduct both unconscious and consciously. He felt that it had adaptive rather than just maladaptive defenses
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