Biological+Weapons+Smallpox+3-15-2011

Biological+Weapons+Smallpox+3-15-2011 - They are known as...

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Unformatted text preview: They are known as “Class A” agents: anthrax, smallpox, plague, tularemia, viral hemorrhagic fevers and botulinum toxin. Weapons of mass destruction (WMD). They are known as “Class A” Agents. Anthrax, smallpox, plague, tularemia, viral hemorrhagic fevers, And botulinum toxin. Bioweapons. Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). (USAMRIID, 4 th Ed., US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Ft. Detrick, MD) Pathogens that cause • Death and disease on a large scale. • That cause mass disruption. • That are transmissible person-to-person. • That lack effective or available vaccine or treatment or antidote. • Are infective as aerosols. • Are able to be manufactured and delivered relatively easily. While none of these agents have all of these features, most have most of them. Community preparation is based on the work of this group which has identified the pathogens that, if used against civilians, will cause death, illness and disruption on a large scale. The Group’s Goal: to gather, distill and disseminate information on bioweapons to aid medical and public health professionals to protect the public. “Smallpox,” says D.A. Henderson, “is the real gorilla.” The basis for the consensus recommendations on key medical and public health issues derives from the military and civilian arena: * Anthrax can be treated, although a “weaponized” version presents difficulties. * Tularemia can be treated. * Plague can be treated. * Botulism cannot be treated. * Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (VHF) cannot be treated. * Smallpox cannot be treated. 1. All are difficult to handle, and delivery systems are difficult to develop. 2. Tularemia and anthrax are treatable. Vaccines exist. 3. VHF are extremely difficult to handle and deliver. Vaccines are in development. 4. Botulism is very concerning, but is not propagated person-to-person (non-contagious). Vaccine is available. (Morefield; J. Immune Based Therapies and Vaccines; Sept 2008) 5. Of all the Class A bioweapons, it is the availability of the knowledge, the technology, and the supplies of smallpox that makes it the most fearsome offender of these felons. Four people intentionally contract smallpox and wander the Mall of America, O’Hare Airport in Chicago, Kennedy Airport in NY, and the NY Subway system. It is December. About 10-14 days later, an estimated 500+ “severe, flu-like” illnesses would be seen in doctor offices, schools, and hospitals. The illness hits with a spike of fever, muscle aches, maybe headache, maybe vomiting. The rash comes later. In successive two-week epidemic waves, conservative estimates place the number of dead at around 50,000,000 by June (in six months)....
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course PUBLIC POL 090 taught by Professor Rossi during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Biological+Weapons+Smallpox+3-15-2011 - They are known as...

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