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EML4450F06L2 - Sustainable Energy Science and Engineering...

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S ustainable E nergy S cience and E ngineering C enter Energy Systems in Sustainable Future Dwindling reserves versus worldwide growth in demand will lead to energy prices beyond consumer’s ability to pay - leads to political tension and violence. Conventional oil and gas reserves will probably be exhausted between 2030 and 2050. Coal is the worst possible fossil fuel (most polluting of the fossil fuels and the one that produces the greatest amount of the greenhouse gas CO 2 per unit energy), but the world has at least a 150 year supply of coal. Conclusion: Sustainable future is not possible if we continue to rely on fossil fuel for energy. Therefore, a massive and immediate shift towards renewable sources is inevitable. Summary from Lecture 1 - Fossil Fuel Future
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S ustainable E nergy S cience and E ngineering C enter Energy has strong relationship with three pillars of sustainable development. Sustainability requires secure, reliable and affordable supply of energy. Sustainable energy future is not static - it must be continuously redefined and rebalanced with new technical solutions and technologies. Sustainability demands that we seek to change present trends. Change the structure of energy sector, behavior in our societies and economics Energy and Sustainability Challenge: To fuel worldwide economic growth with secure and reliable energy supply without despoiling our environment Source: IEA statement on sustainable development at the world summit on sustainable development, Johannesburg, 2002 Sustainable development Economy Environment Society
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S ustainable E nergy S cience and E ngineering C enter Taxonomy of Sustainable Development Goals Source: National Research Council, 1999
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S ustainable E nergy S cience and E ngineering C enter Per Capita Energy Consumption and HDI HDI: Human development index - a composite measure of development based indicators: life expectancy, educational level and per capita gross domestic product. Each data point corresponds to a country. Modest increase in PCEC can lead to marked improvements in the quality of life in the developing nations. Source: Alan D. Pasternak, Global energy futures and human development: A frame work for analysis, UCRL- ID-140773, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, U.S. DOE, 2003
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