test 1 vocab

test 1 vocab - Prokaryotic cells cells that do not have...

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Prokaryotic cells – cells that do not have organelles, or nucleus Eukaryotic cells – cells that have organelles, nucleus Cell plasma membrane – a wall around the cell that controls what enters/leaves cells Mitochondria – organelles that contain many enzymes responsible for aerobic metabolis Nucleus – center where dna replication occurs (houses DNA) Bioenergetics – study of energy flow and transformations in living cells and organisms Nucleic acids – macromolecules made up of nucleotide units Viruses – infectious noncellular particles composed of DNA or RNA in protein DNA – deoxyribose sugar, adenine – thymine, guanine – cytosine Hemoglobin – iron containing oxygen that transfers oxygen Cell organelle – structure in cell that has a certain function Macromolecules – 4 molecules that makeup majority of living organisms NA, P, P, L Vitalism – living organisms have a vital force that distinguishes them from the inanimate Ribosomes – site for protein synthesis Starch – polysaccharide used by plants for storage of glucose for energy metabolism Metabolism – biochemical ractions in an organism, including coordination, regulation
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test 1 vocab - Prokaryotic cells cells that do not have...

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