cosmo - PRS TEST: when instructed press any key OK, I know,...

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PRS TEST: when instructed press any key OK, I know, your PRS doesn’t have an “any” key…
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What is Science? It is a way of understanding or exploring the world. It attempts to answer the question “HOW” in a cause/effect sense It uses observations, hypotheses, logic, and empirical tests to arrive at the best answer It is only one way among many: Aesthetic Method Faith Method Political Method
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Step 1 come up with question Step 2 make observations (collect data) Step 3 formulate hypothesis Step 4 test hypothesis Step 5 formulate theory Step 6 test theory Step 7 formulate law
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Inductive reasoning – from specific to general Deductive reasoning – from general to specific
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PRS Group problem: You need to get from your house to campus for class. You go outside, jump in your car, turn the key and nothing happens – no sound, no nothing! What caused this? What data do you need? How will you fix it? Group1 think of scientific ways to approach the problem Group 2 think of aesthetic ways to approach the problem Group 3 think of faith-based ways … Group 4 think of political ways…
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In the case of using the scientific method to fix the car: What are the data? What are the hypotheses? What are the tests? PRS-> Was the process A) Inductive or B) Deductive?
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Apparent conflicts between different ways of exploring the world often result from the true nature of the questions being asked Political versus Scientific: Florida Gov’t decides limestone is not composed of minerals. Indiana State Legislature: Pi =3.2 Faith versus Scientific: Debate over cloning humans – what are the real questions? Debate over creationism versus evolution – what are the real questions?
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Parsimony – Occam’s Razor – K.I.S.S. William of Ockham, 15th century, "Pluralitas non est ponenda sine neccesitate" ("entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily"). In more modern terms, if you have two hypotheses which both explain the observed facts then you should explore the simplest. Note: It has been said : "The simple hypothesis
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This note was uploaded on 10/22/2011 for the course GLY 1000 taught by Professor Parker during the Spring '11 term at FSU.

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cosmo - PRS TEST: when instructed press any key OK, I know,...

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