How do sociologists study health?
What social problems are associated with health and illness?
Sociological Perspective on Health, Illness and Medicine
Using our sociological imagination, we can better understand the
relationship between health, illness, and society.
Medicine can identify biological pathways to disease – a
sociological perspective addresses the social determinants of
Sociology looks at how the political economy, corporate
structure, the distribution of resources and power, social
roles, and cultural norms
are connected to health
Research shows how our health is affected by our social
position, work, families, education, wealth, and poverty
Sociology of health and illness includes the field of
The study of the patterns in the distribution and frequency of
sickness, injury and death and the social factor that shape them
Studies how health and illness experiences are based on social
factors such as gender, age, race, social class, or behavior
Newborn Mortality rate/live birth by country:
Japan – 1,800
Czech Republic, Finland, Iceland, Norway – 2,000