February 22

February 22 - February 22, 2011 REVIEW: Race as a Social...

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February 22, 2011 REVIEW: Race as a Social Construction - Genetics and skin tone o But does that mean we are different races? - Race as a Social Construction o Physical differences linked to geographic ancestry o More genetic diversity within ancestry groups than between them o Concept of race invented in 1700s o Ex: children learning race Sociological Perspectives on Inequities Based on Race and Ethnicity - FUNCTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE o The differences between racial and ethnic groups are largely cultural o The solution of assimilation – a process where minority group members become part of the dominant group, losing their original group identity Critiqued for forcing groups to adopt new culture Alternative is pluralism , where groups maintain their own culture and institutions (i.e. Switzerland) - INTERACTIONIST PERSPECTIVE o Race is a social construct o Racial identities are beliefs and activities reinforced by enduring systems of rewards and penalties o We learn about racial categories through social interaction
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February 22 - February 22, 2011 REVIEW: Race as a Social...

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