March 2 - opportunities for others This has created social...

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March 2, 2011 SEX and GENDER - Sex – biological characteristics that determine if a person is male or female o Includes genitalia (penis, testicles, vagina, clitoris, etc.), chromosomes (XX/XY), and/or hormones (testosterone and estrogen) - Gender – we learn through behaviors - Gender Socialization – the process by which people learn to behave in a certain way, as dictated by societal beliefs, values, attitudes and examples o Begins as early as when a woman becomes pregnant and people start making judgments about the value of males over females o Gender socialization in the 1960s o Prescribes how men and women should think and feel; the desires of men and women for certain occupations, preferences, and behaviors These have created opportunities for some while limiting the other
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Unformatted text preview: opportunities for others. This has created social struggles for equality.-How many genders? o Western societies have only two genders: “masculine” and “feminine” o Other societies have up to 5 genders o “There are as many genders as there are people” – Anne Wats o Examples of other genders: Berdaches or hijras or xaniths = biological males who behave, dress, work, and are treated in most respects as social women; they are, in our language, “male women” Manly hearted women = biological females who work, marry, and parent as men; their social status is “female men”; do not have to behave or dress as men but have the social responsibilities and rights of husbands and fathers; what makes them men is enough wealth to buy a wife...
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