Global warming Draft - Vincent Phan English 101 Research...

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Vincent Phan English 101 Research Paper Global Warming An average size power plant that generates 500 megawatts produces about 500 tons of carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is a leading green house gas in global warming. Global warming is caused by gases that are trapped in the earth’s atmosphere. These greenhouse gases are either produced on earth or entered from space. A large amount of these gases are produced by humans. Global warming affects many things such as the increase in air pollution, rise in sea level, melting of the ice caps, and many more. Green house gases contribute to global warming and cause a deterioration of the earth. In the 19th century, global warming was first brought to the public’s attention. This was due to the Industrial Revolution. The burning of fossil fuel was vital in the Industrial Revolution to provide energy. The fossil fuels use included oil, gasoline, natural gases, and coal. The burning of fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, where these gases are trapped and increase Earths natural greenhouse effect. Earth creates a natural greenhouse effect, which makes life on earth possible, but abundance is deadly. In 1896, Savante Arrhenius made a discovery that carbon dioxide was an excellent insulator, and helps keep in some of the suns warmth, but an excess is dangerous to the earth and human health. In the same century, Jean-Baptiste-Joseph was the first person to imagine earth as a greenhouse. The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has risen 25% since the Industrial Revolution, and the amount of methane has increased 151%.
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The following century carbon dioxide became more noticeable. Scientists from 70 different countries were involved in meetings called International Geophysical Year, which lasted for 18 months. The group tried to create a standard unit of measurement for global factors, like temperature, rainfall, and atmospheric carbon dioxide. They sought to achieve this because it would be able to notice any change in the factors. During the 20th century, information was put together for evidence of global warming. In 1938, Guy Callendar collected data from many different weather stations from around the world. His conclusion was that the Earth’s temperature had increased one degree Fahrenheit during the last 50 years. In the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii information was gathered together to show that carbon dioxide in the atmosphere had risen 11% from 1958 to 1997. In 1998 and 1999, Michael Mann, a climatologist, came up with a graph to demonstrate the rise in temperature opposing the historical temperature levels made from proxies. The graph that he formed was called the Hockey Stick. It is called this because there is a sharp turn in the graph. In the 17th century there was a relatively flat slope, but the following century there was in sudden increase of temperature which caused the spike. Since the 1900’s, the temperature increase has been almost 1 degree Centigrade. In 1910, William
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course ENGLISH 10 taught by Professor Zook during the Spring '10 term at West Virginia State University.

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Global warming Draft - Vincent Phan English 101 Research...

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