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Unformatted text preview: Study Guide WWI 05:05 War guilt Cause Germany was at fault for all the damages cost and had to pay from the majority of it. This is referenced in the treaty of Versia. Vladimir Lenin Was the leader and first of state of the Soviet Union prior to Stalin, as the Bolshevik Leader of the 1917 October Revolution , and the first Head of State of the Soviet Union . Bolsheviks They ultimately became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union . The Bolsheviks came to power in Russia during the October Revolution phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917 , and founded the Soviet Union . Treaty of Brest- Litovsk The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on March 3, 1918, at Brest- Litovsk (now Brest, Belarus ) between the Russian SFSR and the Central Powers , marking Russia's exit from World War I . While the treaty was practically obsolete before the end of the year, it did provide some relief to Bolsheviks who were tied up in fighting the civil war and affirmed the independence of Finland , Estonia , Latvia , Ukraine , Lithuania . Russia Civil War, 1918-1921 was a multi-party war that occurred within the former Russian Empire after the Russian provisional government collapsed and the Soviets under the domination of the Bolshevik party assumed power, first in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) and then in other places. The principal fighting occurred between the Bolshevik Red Army , often in temporary alliance with other leftist pro-revolutionary groups, and the forces of the White Army , the loosely- allied anti-Bolshevik forces. Spartacist Wanted Germany to follow sown the communist path of Russians. Which controlled Germany in Post Word war I. 11 cities of Germany were converted to communist, but after Civil war broke out in 1919 the SPD defeated the communist for control of Germany. Rosa Luxemburg was a Polish-Jewish-German theorist , philosopher, and activist. She was successively a member of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania , the German SPD , the Independent Social Democratic Party and the Communist Party of Germany . 1914, after the SPD supported German involvement in World War I , she co-founded, with Karl Liebknecht , the anti-war Spartakusbund ( Spartacist League ). On 1 January 1919 the Spartacist League became the Communist Party of Germany (KPD). In November 1918, during the German Revolution she founded the Die Rote Fahne (The Red Flag), the central organ of the Spartacist movement....
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