study guide 4 - Psychology 101: Study Guide 4 Chapter 7...

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Psychology 101: Study Guide 4 Chapter 7 Definitions Concept - Categorizations of objects, events, or people that share common properties. An example of this is if someone asks you what is in your kitchen cabinet, you might answer with a detailed list of items. More likely, though, you would respond by naming some broader categories such as “food” and “dishes”. Prototypes - Typical, highly representative examples of a concept that correspond to our mental image or best example of the concept. Example although a robin and an ostrich are both examples of birds, the robin is an example that comes to most people’s mind far more readily. Consequently robin is a prototype of a concept “bird.” Similarly, when we think of a concept of a table, we’re likely to think of a coffee table before we think of a drafting table, making a coffee table closer to our prototypes of a table. Algorithm - a rule that, if applies appropriately, guarantees a solution to a problem. For example, you may know that you can find the length of the third side of a right triangle by using the formula a 2 +b 2 =c 2 although you may not have the furriest notion of the mathematical principles behind the formula. Heuristic
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Morris during the Spring '11 term at West Virginia State University.

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study guide 4 - Psychology 101: Study Guide 4 Chapter 7...

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