Study guide 5 - Psychology 101: Study Guide 5 Chapter 11...

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Psychology 101: Study Guide 5 Chapter 11 Stress - A person’s response to events that are threatening or challenging. Stressor - Things that produced threats to our well-being. o ex. Paper, exam, family problems…etc Different types of stressors 1. Cataclysmic events- are strong stressors that occur suddenly and typically affect many people simultaneously. Disasters such as tornadoes and plane crashes, as well as terrorist attacks. 2. Personal stressors- major life events, such as the death of a family member, that have immediate negative consequences that generally fade in time. o Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)- a phenomenon in which victims of major catastrophes or strong personal strong personal stressors feel long lasting effects that may include re-experiencing the events in vivid flashbacks or dreams. 3. Background stressors- everyday annoyances, such as being stuck in traffic, that cause minor irritations and may have long term ill effects if they continue or are compounded by other stressful events. General Adaptation syndrome- a theory developed by Selye that suggest that a person’s response to a stressor consists of three stages: alarm and mobilization, resistance, and exhaustion. Alarm and mobilization- occurs when people become aware of the presence of a stressor. On a biological level, the sympathetic nervous system becomes energized, helping a person’s cope initially with the stressor. Resistance- the body prepares to fight the stressor. During resistance people use a variety of means to cope with the stressor-sometimes successfully but at a cost of some degrees of physical or psychological well-being. o Ex. A student who faces the stress of failing several courses might spend long hours studying seeking to cope with the stress. Exhaustion- a person’s ability to adapt to the stressor declines to the point where negative consequences of stress appear: physical illness and psychological symptom in the form of an inability to concentrate, heightened irritability, or, in out, and their physical reserves are used up. Coping- the efforts to control, reduce, or learn to tolerate the threats that lead to stress. Problem-focusing coping - attempts to modify the stressful problem or source of stress. Problem-focusing strategies lead to changes in behavior or to development of a plan of action to deal with stress. Starting a study group to improve poor classroom performance is an example of problem-focusing coping. In addition, one might take a time-out from stress by creating positive events. For example taking a day off from caring for relative with a serious chronic illness to go to health club or spa can bring significant relief from stress Emotion-focused coping - people try to manage their emotions in the face of stress, seeking to change the way they feel about or perceive a problem. Examples of emotion-
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focused coping include strategies such as accepting sympathy from others and looking at the bright side of situations. Learning helplessness-
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Morris during the Spring '11 term at West Virginia State University.

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Study guide 5 - Psychology 101: Study Guide 5 Chapter 11...

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