HIS103 - The Operation of the Balance of Power- The War of Austrian Succession

HIS103 - The Operation of the Balance of Power- The War of Austrian Succession

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The Seven Years War, 1756-1763: PART TWO Wednesday, November 4 th / 2010 Frederick was only able to survive by using a sustained military performance The longer line had all the advantages The Austrian Line = 4.5 miles long The Austrians could wrap their line around the flanks of the shorter line, which gave them an advantage Frederick the Great solved an inevitable problem of enemy numerical military superiority during the seven years war by a dramatic innovation (the Oblique Order of Battle) – pinned the enemy focus on one of their flanks by an initial fake attack, but then he refused that wing of his army (stopped his attacking force), and then marched the rest of his army at an oblique angle (trying to emerge with an advantage) in numbers In Leuthen, he refined it, introducing the Echelon attack The psychological fallout of victory surrounded European body politics The British were now persuaded the Prussian military cause was something worth investigating April 1758 – the British formally entered into an agreement with Prussia (to provide an annual subsidy of 670,000 pounds) – for no less than a period of 4 years This was a serious financial lifeline for Frederick Army of Observation – British army in Germany (commanded by Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick) They guarded the Western Flank in Germany against any major threats The British were now persuaded by the victory at Leuthen, to come to Frederick’s aid Late 1757, Frederick still had to face a major enemy – the Russian Empire
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2011 for the course HISTORY 103 taught by Professor D.smyth during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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HIS103 - The Operation of the Balance of Power- The War of Austrian Succession

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