HIS103 – Tutorial – The Foreign Policy of Louis XIV, to 1697 Presentation Notes

HIS103 – Tutorial – The Foreign Policy of Louis XIV, to 1697 Presentation Notes

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HIS103 – Tutorial – The Foreign Policy of Louis XIV, to 1697 Presentation Notes Wednesday, September 29th/ 2010 Question 1: Much of Europe saw Louis XIV and his foreign policy as a direct threat to their national sovereignty. How did the effect of this threat alter European relations between 1660 and Louis death in 1715? (The idea that Louis wanted to create a universal monarch. ..War of Succession…etc) Answer 1: o European powers ganged up in a series of coalitions (pact among individuals or groups, during which they cooperate in joint action , joining forces together for a common cause) to prevent Louis from achieving all his aims. They therefore had to cooperate with each other, and coordinate war aims, strategy, and diplomacy. o The Triple Alliance of 1668 was formed by the Netherlands, England, and Sweden against France after Louis XIV had invaded the Spanish Netherlands in the War of Devolution (saw Louis XIV 's French armies overrun the Habsburg-controlled Spanish Netherlands and the Franche-Comté , but forced to give most of it back by a Triple Alliance ). Largely because of the initiative of the Dutch statesman Jan de Witt, the alliance represented a sufficient threat to Louis XIV to induce him to negotiate the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle. o The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle was signed on May 2, 1668 in Aachen . It ended the war of Devolution between France and Spain . It was mediated by the Triple Alliance of England , the United Provinces and Sweden at the first Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle . France gained Lille and other territories in Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands from Spain, but returned the Franche- Comté . o
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2011 for the course HISTORY 103 taught by Professor D.smyth during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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HIS103 – Tutorial – The Foreign Policy of Louis XIV, to 1697 Presentation Notes

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