Q&A HIS103 Tutorial #2 - 1. Do you think the...

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1. Do you think the concept of “gloire” (self glory/worship) contributed to the failure of the negotiations at the war of Spanish Succession? Why or why not? The unification of Spain and France could have changed the balance of power in Europe and that the reputation (gloire) of the heirs without a proper child heir resulted in Philip being recognized as King of Spain but having to give up the French kingship and the Spanish possessions to the Holy Roman Empire, the Dutch, Savoy and Great Britain which broke up the Spanish Empire in Europe. Did reputation, (gloire, saving face) have anything to do with the negotiations. ..certainly. But it wasn't the concept of reputation it was the actual act of gloire. 2. How did France’s loss of military dominance (at the time of Louis XIV) result in their loss of diplomatic power? 18th century warfare was extremely formalized and very, very expensive. Troops took anything up to 3 years to train to be effective in the field, so were a valuable asset. Armies were deliberately kept away from civilians and civilian areas, and most campaigns centred on capturing enemy fortresses, or preventing the capture of one's own fortresses. There was thus no concept of total war, and therefore no concept of total victory; when one side had had enough, they sued for peace, gave up some land and/or fortresses, and then set about building up resources for the next war, so as to regain what they had lost at the conference table. During the 18th century the balance between population and food production was very fine; the vast majority of people had to work on the land producing food, or everybody would starve. Armies were thus relatively small, as they comprised the least productive members of society (the only people that could be spared from agricultural work). This was why the officer corps always came from the aristocracy. So, without an army, it was very difficult to negotiate successfully at the conference table, as it would take at
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2011 for the course HISTORY 103 taught by Professor D.smyth during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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Q&A HIS103 Tutorial #2 - 1. Do you think the...

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