Interest - Interest Groups Political Parties Linking...

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Interest Groups & Political Parties Linking citizens to government
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Interest Groups “Groups of individuals and/or institutions united by shared opinions or interests and organized together in an effort to influence political outcomes.” (Grigsby text) Primary goal: to influence public policy as it affects their members.
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Interest Groups in the U.S. From the beginning, Americans have joined groups for political purposes. Alexis de Tocqueville noted in the 1830s that, “Americans form associations for the smallest undertakings.” Still true.
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Different than Political Parties Interest groups don’t seek to win electoral office, although they may promote a particular candidate or public policy.
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Government & Interest Groups Three Patterns in Democracies: Interest Group Pluralism Democratic Corporatism State Autonomy Nondemocratic Patterns: State Corporatism
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Interest Group Pluralism Groups operate outside of government in a competitive environment, providing citizens with multiple avenues to affect public policy. Government often responds to this interest group pressure. Controversy arises if groups are seen as too involved in policy making. This pattern is found in the U.S., Canada and New Zealand.
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In other democracies, economic interest groups are formally involved in the government decision- making process, acting as partners in setting policy. Those groups include labor unions, businesses, health professionals, & educators. This pattern is found in Sweden, Norway,
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Interest - Interest Groups Political Parties Linking...

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