EVG501 Week 5 Lecture Cultural Relativism Gender & Ethics (1)

EVG501 Week 5 Lecture Cultural Relativism Gender & Ethics (1)

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* Week 5, Lecture 1 * Dr Margaret Mishra * (modified by M. Mua) * Culture: definition * ‘Culture has been defined in a number of ways, but most simply, as the learned and shared behavior of a community of interacting human beings’ Useem, J., & Useem, R. (1963) Human Organizations, 22 (3), (p. 169) * Cultural relativism * Every culture has its own ethical framework to regulate the proper behavior of its members * Different cultures/societies have different moral codes * Good = what is socially approved in a given culture * Cultural differences argument * Cultural relativists think that societies disagree widely about morality, and that there are no clear ways to resolve these differences. They conclude that there are no objective values. Cultural relativists view themselves as tolerant; they see other cultures, not as wrong, but as different’ * (http://www.jcu.edu/philosophy/gensler/et/et-01-00.html ) * INUIT (ESKIMOES)
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* * Two main ideas behind cultural relativism: 1) All men are completely civilized 2) There are no higher & lower cultures * Inequalities between cultures * Relations of dominance and subordination e.g. colonialism * * The colonialists thought that their way was right/superior * Gender inequalities within cultures * There are also inequalities between men and women in the same culture * This is because most cultures are patriarchal
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This note was uploaded on 10/22/2011 for the course THM qqq taught by Professor Kazi during the Spring '11 term at Punjab Engineering College.

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EVG501 Week 5 Lecture Cultural Relativism Gender & Ethics (1)

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