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mbti - Meyers-Briggs Type Indicator Indicator Chuck Sharrow...

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Unformatted text preview: Meyers-Briggs Type Indicator Indicator Chuck Sharrow Steve Eickoff Mohd Zain Fall 2004, University of Minnesota What is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator? Type Popular tool for determining Popular personality preferences personality Very popular within industry and Very schools schools Used for team building, career Used guidance, leadership and management History of the MBTI Was developed by Katherine C Briggs and Was her daughter Isabel Myers her Started in 1920’s and after a rigorous Started research, validity and reliability testing it was published in 1975 was Translated into 16 languages and taken by Translated over 2 million people per year over Based on the work of Swiss psychologist Based Carl Jung who described personality type preferences preferences Characteristics of MyersBriggs Type Indicator It's a self-report questionnaire, It's an indicator not a test, so there are no right or wrong answers Looks at normal behavior Looks It identifies preferences rather It than competencies, abilities or skills skills No personality type is better or No worse - each has its own gifts worse The 4 scales of the MBTI Extroversion xtroversion or Introversion ntroversion Sensing or iNtuition tuition Thinking or Feeling hinking eeling Judging or Perceiving udging erceiving Extroversion and Introversion People who prefer Extroversion… Focus their energy and attention Focus outwardly outwardly Receive energy from interacting with Receive people and from taking action Are energized by interacting with people Enjoy meeting and talking with new Enjoy people people Speak out easily and often at meetings Speak Do their thinking as they speak Readily take initiative in work & Readily relationships relationships Extroversion and Introversion Extroversion People who prefer Introversion… Focus their energy and attention Focus inwardly inwardly Are interested in the world of thoughts Are and reflections and Hold back at meetings and often have Hold trouble getting involved trouble Become drained and tired with people Become Need time to gather their thoughts Need before speaking before Prefer to communicate in writing Take initiative when the situation or Take issue is very important to them issue Relationship to Management Relationship Neither type proven better Neither suited for management suited Conflict resolution differences Reaction to issues Differences in focus Sensing and iNtuition Sensing People who prefer Sensing... People Are practical and realistic Start at the beginning and take 1 step at Start a time time Live in the present, dealing with the here Live and now and Trust experience Like set procedures, established Like routines and historical precedents to guide them guide Work thoroughly step by step towards Work conclusions conclusions Sensing and iNtuition Sensing People who prefer iNtuition... People Oriented to future possibilities Are imaginative and inventive Study the overall design to see how the Study parts fit parts Thrive on change, new ideas and variety Prefer imaginative new solutions to Prefer problems, often becoming impatient with details details Move quickly to conclusions, follow Move hunches hunches Relationship to Management Relationship Ss favor concrete and factual Ss data, while Ns rely on hunches data, Preferences for information Preferences processing processing Predominance in top Predominance management management Thinking and Feeling Thinking People who prefer Thinking… Make Make their decisions based on impersonal, objective logic Focus on the facts and principles Don’t take their emotions or those Don’t of others into account of Are good at analyzing a situation Are and spotting flaws and inconsistencies Thinking and Feeling Thinking People who prefer Feeling… Make Make their decisions based on a person-centered, value-based process process Focus on the personal values of Focus people and organizations people Are good at understanding people Are and their viewpoints and Value and trust own feelings when Value making decisions making Relationship to Management Relationship Decision making styles Types of management positions Types held held Conflict management Judging and Perceiving Judging People who prefer Judging… Like Like to live in a planned, orderly way way Lives tend to be structured and Lives organized Handle deadlines and time limits Handle well well Like getting to the bottom line Like quickly and deciding things quickly quickly Judging and Perceiving Judging People who prefer Perceiving… Want Want to explore all options before deciding deciding Prefer to stay open to new Prefer information and last-minute options options Adapt well to changing situations Adapt and like to respond resourcefully and May have trouble making May decisions decisions Relationship to Management Relationship Career decisions Type of work environment Management style Personality Types Personality Combined preferences indicate Combined your personality type Each personality type lends Each itself to particular careers itself What type are you? Typical Careers Typical ISTJ management accounting auditing efficiency expert engineer geologist bank examiners organization development electricians dentists pharmacist ISFJ counseling ministry library work nursing secretarial curators bookkeepers dental hygienists computer operator personnel administrator paralegal INFJ career counselor psychologist educational consultant artist editor/art director information-graphics designer merchandise planner environmental lawyer job analyst educational consultant architects INTJ management consultant economist scientist new business developer administrator mathematician psychologist biomedical researcher civil engineer editor/art director inventor Typical Careers Typical ISTP surveyor fire fighter private investigator pilot police officer purchasing agent chiropractor medical technician securities analyst computer repair person ISFP bookkeeper clerical supervisor dental assistant physical therapist mechanic radiology technologist surveyor chef forester INFP information-graphics designer college professor researcher legal mediator social worker holistic health practitioner occupational therapist diversity manager human resource development human specialist specialist INTP strategic planning writer staff development lawyer architect software designer financial analyst college professor photographer logician Typical Careers Typical ESTP real estate broker Chef land developer physical therapist stock broker news reporter fire fighter Promoter entrepreneur ENFP conference planner speech pathologist HR development trainer Clergy Journalist Newscaster career counselor housing director character actor marketing consultant ESFP Veterinarian flight attendant floral designer real estate agent child care provider social worker Fundraiser athletic coach Musician Secretary ENTP systems designer systems venture capitalist venture Actor Journalist investment broker real estate agent real estate developer strategic planner political manager Politician special projects developer Typical Careers Typical ENFJ Entertainer Recruiter Artist Newscaster writer/journalist recreation director Librarian Facilitator Politician Psychologist housing director career counselor sales manager sales ESTJ ESTJ government employee pharmaceutical sales Auditor computer analyst technical trainer project manager officer manager factory supervisor credit analyst electrical engineer stockbroker ENTJ program designer Attorney Administrator office manager chemical engineer sales manager logistics consultant franchise owner new business developer personnel manager investment banker ESFJ Nurse social worker Caterer flight attendant Bookkeeper medical/dental assistant exercise physiologist elementary school teacher minister/priest/rabbi retail owner Real World Applications Real N’s can benefit from the natural N’s inclination of S’s to… inclination Bring up pertinent facts Face realities of current situation Apply experience to solving problems Focus on what needs attention now Focus S’s can benefit from the natural S’s inclination of N’s to… inclination Bring up new possibilities Anticipate future trends Apply insight to solving problems Focus on long-term goals Real World Applications Real F’s can benefit from the natural inclination F’s of T’s to… of Analyze situations and their implications Hold consistently to a policy Create rational systems Be fair Be T’s can benefit from the natural inclination T’s of F’s to… of Forecast how others will react and feel Make needed individual exceptions Organize people and tasks harmoniously Be just Skeptical views of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Myers-Briggs Unscientific A Temptation to Pigeonhole It It emphasizes each person being being one specific type rather than each person using a certain type of using thinking most of the time. most Real people do not fit easily into Real one of sixteen types because they use different styles of thinking at different times Benefits of MBTI Benefits PM’s can benefit from knowing PM’s team members’ MBTI Profiles team Adjust management style for Adjust each individual each Get variety of personality types Get on project on Resources Resources Gardner, William: “Using the Myers-Briggs Type Gardner, Indicator to study managers”, Journal of Management Indicator http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m4256/is_n1_v22/ai_18345344 http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m4256/is_n1_v22/ai_18345344 Connecting Personality Types With Careers and Jobs Connecting http://www.doi.gov/octc/typescar.html http://www.doi.gov/octc/typescar.html Bast, Mary: PROBLEM SOLVING--With the MyersPROBLEM Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) http://www.breakoutofthebox.com/mbti.htm http://www.breakoutofthebox.com/mbti.htm BrainyEncyclopedia: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator http://www.brainyencyclopedia.com/encyclopedia/m/my/myers_briggs_type_indicator.h http://www.brainyencyclopedia.com/encyclopedia/m/my/myers_briggs_type_indicator.h ...
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