2-historical_issues_terminology

2-historical_issues_terminology - two men famous for...

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Class 2 – Historical issues, terms Readings Zillmer: Chapter 1, pages 4-24 (start of modern neuropsychology) NOT the “Neuropsychology in action” boxes1.1, 1.3, 1.4 (although by all means read them for pleasure or curiosity) NOT the section on non-western attitudes (again, feel free to read) Chapter 5 p 121 Chapter 5 p 122 Peripheral nervous system Chapter 5 p 123 table 5.3 Review questions 1. What is trephination, why is it done? What cultures was it known in? 2. What were the two theories about the structure where behavior originates? What theory was held by Hippocrates? Aristotle? 3. What were Galen’s arguments for holding the brain hypothesis? 4. What was the mechanism that Galen held was responsible for behavior? What are the 4 humors? 5. What was Galen’s knowledge of anatomy based on? How did Andreas Vesalius improve upon this? 6. Describe René Descartes’ view of the origin and process of behavior? 7. What is phrenology and its relation to localization of function? Who were the first
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Unformatted text preview: two men famous for holding to localization of function? 8. What is equipotentiality? What led Flourens to hold the view of equipotentiality of function in the brain? 9. Describe the idea of hierarchy of function. Who is most famous for coming up with this notion in neuropsychology? 10. What is the distinction between the central and peripheral nervous system? 11. What parts comprise the central nervous system? 12. What is the difference between the somatic and autonomic nervous system? 13. Explain the difference between efferent and afferent fibers? 14. How are the directions ventral, dorsal, rostral, caudal, medial, lateral, superior, inferior, anterior and posterior used? 15. How are dorsal, ventral, rostral and caudal different for the head and the body? 16. What are the sagittal, transverse, horizontal, frontal, coronal, midsagittal planes of section?...
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