Zen Buddhism - Zen Buddhism AAS 216 Midterm Review Sheet...

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AAS 216 Midterm Review Sheet Background Information Since its conception in during the sixth century B.C., Buddhism has become a widely adopted religion and way of life. First established in India, Buddhism was further instituted in the neighboring nations of China and Japan. Buddhists believe in the Four Noble Truths; o Life is suffering, o Suffering is caused by attachment o End suffering by severing attachment o Follow the Eight-Fold Path to Nirvana. Though Buddhists believe that Amida is an eternal being, and thus has no particular beginning and end, the first knowledge of Amida Buddha was spread by Shakyamuni Buddha. o A historical figure, he was the first earthly being to reach enlightenment after his search for the remedy to spiritual evil and suffering. In effect, Shakyamuni was able to console sentient beings who appealed for his help. o To even the simplest people, he explained how Amida Buddha's wisdom and compassion could awaken the true buddha nature inherent in us all. Meditation A complete awakening of truth can be experienced by the individual human being Zen meditation – mindfulness or concentration in serenity – is done sitting upright in a cross-legged position. He teaches that this practice ( zazen ) is not merely a method by which one reaches awakening but is itself awakening The model for awakening in Zen is the understanding experienced by Shakyumuni Buddha in meditation Life is viewed as a continuation of birth, moment after moment, meditation is a total experience of this “birth” at each moment. Thus a person no longer lives a moment as a segment of life or takes life passively, but is fully engaged in an active and creative way There is only one Buddha nature Zen is based on awareness: from the inside, innate intuition. One has this awareness due to the inherent Buddha nature. By destroying logical thinking, one sharpens one’s intuition. Timelessness of a Moment
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This note was uploaded on 10/22/2011 for the course JPN 332 taught by Professor Prof during the Spring '10 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Zen Buddhism - Zen Buddhism AAS 216 Midterm Review Sheet...

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