Arousal, Emotion, Aggression-SM F08

Arousal, Emotion, Aggression-SM F08 - Arousal, Emotion,...

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1 Arousal, Emotion, Aggression What you should know: Autonomic arousal Facial expression of emotion Classifying emotions Brain mechanisms of emotion Cognition and emotion
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2 Activation of the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system: Function : preparation for "fighting-fleeing-feeding-mating.” Heart rate, blood pressure increases Tensing of skeletal muscles, increased blood flow Sugar, fat molecules released into blood stream Increased clotting factor Endorphin release (neurochemicals) Attentional capture Examples : the startle response yawning ? AUTONOMIC AROUSAL
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4 THE YERKES-DODSON LAW Relationship between behavioral efficiency & degree of autonomic arousal
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5 Text Ch. 14 p.502 “Audience Anxiety” Easy task or high skill level Difficult task or lower skill level
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6 PERFORMANCE AS A FUNCTION OF “TRAIT” AND “STATE” AROUSAL
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7 Interpreting the caffeine-personality-performance experiment Introverts : have a chronically high level of arousal. Extraverts : lower arousal level. Environmental source of arousal (caffeine): raises arousal level toward the optimal point for extraverts but raises arousal level past the optimal point for introverts (“overstimulated”).
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8 AROUSAL AND PREOCCUPATION Subjects are told that they have to give a extemporaneous talk on a certain topic in a building across campus. Control group : "You've got plenty of time to think it over and get there." Experimental group : "You've got to hurry: it's supposed to start in 10 minutes." On the way, all subjects encounter an apparently injured person. Who stops to help? Control : 66%; Experimental: 10%.
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9 Who were the subjects in this experiment? Graduate Seminary Students! ! The Parable of the Good Samaritan ! What was the topic they were supposed to talk about?
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10 Emotion : " a felt tendency toward or away from things perceived as good or bad and accompanied by patterned physiological activity.“ EMOTION: basics Darwin: The visible expressions of emotion have a communication function.
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12 CLASSIFYING EMOTIONS: VALENCE AND INTENSITY
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13 Plutchick’s Model of Emotion p. 214
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15 “BLENDS” OF TWO BASIC EMOTIONS
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16 Ekman’s research on facial expression of emotion
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Arousal, Emotion, Aggression-SM F08 - Arousal, Emotion,...

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