Instinct Fall 2008

Instinct Fall 2008 - INSTINCT & LEARNING What you...

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1 What you should know: Continuum of unlearned-learned behaviors Characteristics of instinctual behaviors Experience and development of instincts “Preparedness” concept Components of instincts Instinctual behaviors and learned behaviors INSTINCT & LEARNING
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2 UNLEARNED orienting reflex habituation, sensitization basic reflexes forced motor movements response to noxious stimuli facial expression of emotion PREPARED/PREDISPOSED species-specific behaviors imprinting food aversions language LEARNED arbitrary operants “operant control” of instinctual behaviors specific language lexicon cultural practices (?) CONTINUUM OF UNLEARNED-LEARNED BEHAVIOR
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3 The study of animal behavior in natural settings. Strong emphasis on the adaptive (evolved) nature of behaviors, species-specificity of behaviors. The modern concept of instinct developed from this research . ETHOLOGY and INSTINCT Instinct : “A pattern of behavior, usually complex in structure, that is found universally among the members of as species, occurs without the need for prior learning*, is relatively invariant in form, and is reliably elicited or released by a very simple
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Instinct Fall 2008 - INSTINCT & LEARNING What you...

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