Ch07 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter7...

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Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter 7    States of Consciousness James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers
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States of Consciousness Consciousness our awareness of ourselves and our  environments Fantasy Prone Personality imagines and recalls experiences  with lifelike vividness spends considerable time  fantasizing
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Sleep and Dreams Biological Rhythms periodic physiological fluctuations Circadian Rhythm   the biological clock regular bodily rhythms that occur on  a 24 hour cycle wakefulness body  temperature
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Premenstrual Syndrome Premenstrual Menstrual Intermenstrual Menstrual phase Actual Recalled mood 3 2 1 Negative mood score Recalled mood is worse than earlier reported
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Sleep and Dreams REM  ( R apid  E ye  M ovement)  Sleep   recurring sleep stage  vivid dreams “paradoxical sleep”   muscles are generally relaxed, but other  body systems are active Sleep periodic, natural, reversible loss of  consciousness
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Sleep and Dreams Measuring sleep activity
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Brain Waves and Sleep Stages Alpha Waves slow waves of a  relaxed, awake  brain Delta Waves large, slow waves  of deep sleep  Hallucinations false sensory  experiences  
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Typical Nightly Sleep Stages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 4 3 2 1 Sleep stages Awake Hours of sleep REM
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Typical Nightly Sleep Stages Hours of sleep Minutes of Stage 4 and REM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 10 15 20 25 5 Decreasing Stage 4 Increasing REM
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Sleep Deprivation Effects of Sleep Loss fatigue impaired concentration immune suppression irritability slowed performance accidents planes autos and trucks
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Sleep Deprivation 2,400 2,700 2,600 2,500 2,800 Spring time change (hour sleep loss) 3,600 4,200 4000 3,800 Fall time change (hour sleep gained) Less sleep, more accidents More sleep, fewer accidents Monday before time change Monday after time change Accident frequency
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This note was uploaded on 10/22/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101 at Cornell.

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Ch07 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter7...

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