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Ch10 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY(6th Ed Chapter10...

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Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter 10 Thinking and Language James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers
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Thinking Cognition mental activity associated with processing,  understanding, and communicating information Cognitive Psychology the study of these mental activities concept formation problem solving decision making judgement formation study of both logical and illogical thinking
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Thinking Concept   mental grouping of similar objects, events, or  people address country, city, street, house zip codes Prototype the best example of a category matching new items to the prototype provides a  quick and easy method for including items in a  category (as when comparing feathered creatures  to a prototypical bird, such as a robin.)
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Thinking Algorithm methodical, logical rule or procedure  that guarantees solving a particular  problem contrasts with the usually speedier – but  also more error-prone use of  heuristics
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Thinking Heuristic rule-of-thumb strategy that often allows  us to make judgements and solve  problems efficiently usually speedier than  algorithms   more error-prone than  algorithms sometimes we’re unaware of using  heuristics
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Thinking Unscramble S P L O Y O C H Y G Algorithm all 907,208 combinations Heuristic throw out all YY combinations other heuristics?
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Thinking Insight sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a  problem contrasts with strategy-based solutions Confirmation Bias tendency to search for information that confirms one’s  preconceptions Fixation inability to see a problem from a new perspective impediment to problem solving
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Thinking- Insight Wolfgang Kohler’s experiment on insight by a  chimpanzee
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The Matchstick Problem How would you  arrange six  matches to form  four equilateral  triangles? 
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