Ch12 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter 12 Motivation...

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Unformatted text preview: Myers PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter 12 Motivation James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers Motivation Motivation a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior Instinct complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned Motivation Drive-Reduction Theory the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need Drive-reducing behaviors (eating, drinking) Need (e.g., for food, water) Drive (hunger, thirst) Motivation Homeostasis tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state regulation of any aspect of body chemistry around a particular level Incentive a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior Maslows Hierarchy of Needs begins at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied then higher-level safety needs become active then psychological needs become active Self-actualization needs Need to live up to ones fullest and unique potential Esteem needs Need for self-esteem, achievement, competence, and independence; need for recognition and respect from others Safety needs Need to feel that the world is organized and predictable; need to feel safe, secure, and stable Belongingness and love needs Need to love and be loved, to belong and be accepted; need to avoid loneliness and alienation Physiological needs Need to satisfy hunger and thirst Motivation-Hunger Stomach contractions accompany our feelings of hunger 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Time in minutes Subject swallows balloon, which...
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Ch12 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter 12 Motivation...

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