Ch12 - Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY(6th Ed Chapter 12 Motivation...

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Unformatted text preview: Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter 12 Motivation James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers Motivation ❚ Motivation ❙ a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior ❚ Instinct ❙ complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned Motivation ❚ Drive-Reduction Theory ❙ the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need Drive-reducing behaviors (eating, drinking) Need (e.g., for food, water) Drive (hunger, thirst) Motivation ❚ Homeostasis ❙ tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state ❙ regulation of any aspect of body chemistry around a particular level ❚ Incentive ❙ a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs ❚ begins at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied ❚ then higher-level safety needs become active ❚ then psychological needs become active Self-actualization needs Need to live up to one’s fullest and unique potential Esteem needs Need for self-esteem, achievement, competence, and independence; need for recognition and respect from others Safety needs Need to feel that the world is organized and predictable; need to feel safe, secure, and stable Belongingness and love needs Need to love and be loved, to belong and be accepted; need to avoid loneliness and alienation Physiological needs Need to satisfy hunger and thirst Motivation-Hunger ❚ Stomach contractions accompany our feelings of hunger 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Time in minutes Subject swallows balloon, which...
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Ch12 - Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY(6th Ed Chapter 12 Motivation...

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