Ch14 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY(6th Ed Chapter14 Personality...

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Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter 14 Personality James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers
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What is Personality? Personality an individual’s characteristic pattern of  thinking, feeling, and acting four basic perspectives Psychoanalytic Trait Humanistic Social-cognitive
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The Psychoanalytic Perspective From Freud’s theory  which proposes that  childhood sexuality  and unconscious  motivations  influence personality
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The Psychoanalytic Perspective Psychoanalysis Freud’s psychoanalytic theory that  attributes our thoughts and actions to  unconscious motives and conflicts techniques used in treating  psychological disorders by seeking to  expose and interpret unconscious  tensions
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The Psychoanalytic Perspective Free Association in psychoanalysis, a method of  exploring the unconscious person relaxes and says whatever  comes to mind, no matter how trivial  or embarrassing
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The Psychoanalytic Perspective Unconscious According to Freud- a reservoir of mostly  unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings and  memories Contemporary viewpoint- information  processing of which we are unaware Preconscious information that is not conscious, but is  retrievable into conscious awareness
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Personality Structure Id contains a reservoir of unconscious  psychic energy strives to satisfy basic sexual and  aggressive drives operates on the pleasure principle,  demanding immediate gratification
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Personality Structure Superego the part of personality that presents  internalized ideals provides standards for judgement and  for future aspirations
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Personality Structure Ego the largely conscious, “executive” part  of personality mediates among the demands of the id,  superego and reality operates on the reality principle,  satisfying the id’s desires in ways that  will realistically bring pleasure rather  than pain
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Personality Structure Freud’s idea  of the mind’s  structure Id Superego Ego Conscious mind Unconscious mind
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Personality Development Psychosexual Stages the childhood stages of development  during which the id’s pleasure-seeking  energies focus on distinct erogenous  zones Oedipus Complex a boy’s sexual desires toward his  mother and feelings of jealousy and  hatred for the rival father
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Personality Development Freud’s Psychosexual Stages Stage Focus Oral Pleasure centers on the mouth-- (0-18 months) sucking, biting, chewing Anal Pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder (18-36 months) elimination; coping with demands for control Phallic Pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with (3-6 years) incestuous sexual feelings Latency Dormant sexual feelings (6 to puberty) Genital Maturation of sexual interests (puberty on)
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