Ch15 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY(6th Ed Chapter15...

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Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter 15 Psychological Disorders James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers
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Psychological Disorders Psychological Disorder a “harmful dysfunction” in which  behavior is judged to be: atypical-  not enough in itself disturbing- varies with time & culture maladaptive-  harmful unjustifiable- sometimes there’s a  good reason
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Historical Perspective Perceived Causes movements of sun or moon lunacy-  full moon evil spirits Ancient Treatments exorcism, caged like animals, beaten,  burned, castrated, mutilated, blood  replaced with animal’s blood
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Psychological Disorders Medical Model concept that diseases have physical causes can be diagnosed, treated, and in most  cases, cured assumes that these “mental” illnesses can be  diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms  and cured through therapy, which may  include treatment in a psychiatric hospital
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Psychological Disorders Bio-psycho-social  Perspective assumes that  biological,  sociocultural, and  psychological  factors combine and  interact to produce  psychological  disorders Biological (Evolution, individual genes, brain structures and chemistry) Psychological (Stress, trauma, learned helplessness, mood-related perceptions and memories) Sociocultural (Roles, expectations, definition of normality and disorder)
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Psychological Disorders- Etiology DSM-IV American Psychiatric Association’s  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of  Mental Disorders  (Fourth Edition) a widely used system for classifying  psychological disorders
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Psychological Disorders- Etiology Neurotic disorder  (term seldom used now) usually distressing but that allows one to think  rationally and function socially Freud saw the neurotic disorders as ways of  dealing with anxiety Psychotic disorder person loses contact with reality experiences irrational ideas and distorted  perceptions
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Anxiety Disorders Anxiety Disorders  
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