Summary_4_Bourdieu - Samir Patel 1 SOC_169_W11 Summary 4...

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Samir Patel SOC_169_W11 1 Summary 4 – Bourdieu Summary According to Pierre Bourdieu, habitus is the point of view from which one is able to interpret their actions as well as the action of others. There are sets of repertoires, which are more sets of things. There are also sets of strategies acting in the environment. Habitus reproduces structure, for example: a father’s occupation and education determines the child’s education. It is the use of capital, which is another agency that comes in strategy; how we use what we have in strategies. Bourdieu’s three types of capital are economic, cultural, and social. Economic capital can include manners, lifestyles, and types of food, cars, and cell phones. Social capital can include networks, the people you know. The three forms of capital are embodied, objectified and institutionalized. Embodied capital comes out through our behavior, such as manners, practices, daily lives, and the clothes we wear. Objectified capital refers to the actual objects we see, for example, diplomas, cars and types of clothes. Institutionalized capital refers to the formal elements outside any individual, such as an acquired title. An example of his theory connected to the concrete everyday world is that of education. We embody education by learning through the practice of being a student, as going to school acquired habits. Education is objectified when we’re done with school by receiving a diploma. It is institutionalized by the ‘title’ we obtain from our education. The salient points of the theory are distinction and prestige. Distinction is making self-unique. Prestige and status drives people such that they are constantly searching for it. Prestige is what makes people unique. Being charismatic contributes to prestige. Having prestige means having control over others because there is emulation and adoration. People surrender uniqueness to people with prestige and desire people with prestige.
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SOC_169_W11 2 Outline Habitus: loose guidelines, framework, tastes that influence social agents within a social position Distinction o Humans: strive for status, strive for difference o Prestige: cultural capital, control over others 3 Types of Capital o Economic: material resources (wealth, land, money) o Cultural: nonmaterial goods (credentials, skills, knowledge) o Social: network of contacts (secure or advance one’s position) 3 Forms of Capital o Embodied, Objectified, and Institutionalized Symbolic Violence: “acts leading to the misrecognition of reality or distortion of underlying power relations.” (Bourdieu p. 454) Society works to keep the upper classes powerful and the lower classes powerless Fields are “autonomous arenas within which actors and institutions mobilize their capital in an effort to capture the stakes-the distribution of capital-that are specific to it.” (Bourdieu p. 455)
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Summary_4_Bourdieu - Samir Patel 1 SOC_169_W11 Summary 4...

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