Summary_1_Connell

Summary_1_Connell - Samir Patel SOC_169_W11 1 Summary 1 –...

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Unformatted text preview: Samir Patel SOC_169_W11 1 Summary 1 – Connell Summary R.W. Connell makes three pivotal points within her article, “Change among the Gatekeepers”, regarding gender equality in the global arena. First Connell argues that men are the gatekeepers to equality between the two. This is because men have access to resources, authority, and skills that may be important in social change. Males are thus gatekeepers for gender equality. Whether they are willing gatekeepers who will support practical reforms, is an important question. The point is that men who believe in gender equality can do a great deal. Second, Connell discusses the diversity of masculinities and the male movements worldwide. On one side homosexual men are mobilizing in antidiscrimination campaigns and in community responses to the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The complete opposite would be conservative religious organizations (Christian, Islamic, and Buddhist), controlled by men, that sometimes completely ignore women. The same organizations have often been used as a means to oppose the emancipation of women. At the same time, “transnational media organizations, such as ideology,” and “neoliberalism can function as a form of masculinity politics largely because of the powerful role of the state in gender role as well.” Lastly, Connell states that we now have a more sophisticated and detailed scientific understanding of issues about men, masculinities, and gender that ever before,” (Connells p. 362). It just might be possible that gender equality might someday become hegemonic among men. Connell also describes the varying reasons for the male resistance to gender equality on the basis of material benefits, identity problems about change and ideology, and the defense of male supremacy. Samir Patel SOC_169_W11 2 Outline • Connell’s Intellectual Influences & Core Ideas o Antonio Gramsci: coined the concept of cultural hegemony Explains how the ruling class maintains its dominance, not through force of coercion, but through the willing, “spontaneous” concept (360). Legitimization of a set of ideas that reinforces existing relations of domination and subordination (according to glossary in text). o Building on Marx’s notion that the ruling ideas of the ruling class and fascinating by the extraordinary ideological power of the Church (cultural hegemony) (Connell p. 360). o Hegemonic masculinity: practice allowing men’s dominance over women o Cultural Consent Through production of exemplars of masculinity, symbols that have authority (Connell p. 360). • Alliance of key people in 3 major institutions: o Economy – chief executives o Government – political directorate o Military – soldier/states men (war lords) Samir Patel SOC_169_W11 3 • Gatekeepers: matric of gendered inequalities (economic, political and cultural) • “Men cannot be the beneficiaries of women’s domestic labor and ‘emotion work’ without many of them losing intimate connections, for instance, with young children (Connell p. many of them losing intimate connections, for instance, with young children (Connell p....
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course SOC 169 taught by Professor Maryan during the Spring '10 term at UC Riverside.

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Summary_1_Connell - Samir Patel SOC_169_W11 1 Summary 1 –...

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