Phil 164-14 - Phil16414 15:15 Criterionofrightness:

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Phil 164-14 15:15 Criterion of rightness: What’s the criterion of rightness? An act is morally right if and only if the act maximizes net happiness across all affected  parties. Happiness = pleasure Unhappiness = pain Affected parties = agent, all people affected – any sentient being that experiences  pleasure and pain (in the present and future) Maximizing net happiness = choosing the moral act that brings about the maximum  amount of pleasure and least amount of pain Problem with act utilitarianism First: several features of AU AU is typically taken to involve existing and future existing parties. AU is concerned with actual happiness and actual utility, not that the agent EXPECTS. Actual utility vs. expected utility AU makes no mention of the agents intentions of performing the act (presumably the  intentions were bad because he would have had no awareness of the future). Morally bad intentions and still perform the morally right act.
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2011 for the course PHIL 164 taught by Professor Doviak during the Fall '07 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Phil 164-14 - Phil16414 15:15 Criterionofrightness:

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