STUDY FOR LIVING STANDARD IMPROVEMENT ON GNH PHILOSOPHY
Shuichi Hirayama, Researcher, Human Science Research Institute,
Daito Bunka University, Japan,
Morality and the independence of the individual by education, in addition to sufficiency of physical
standard of livings such as GPI and BNH, are needed to improve the standard of living. And, synergy
effect can be expected when GRI and BNH are satisfied at the same time.
The fulfill of GPI and BNH bring a synergetic effected is thought that it is not to be enough in a simple
sufficiency, and needs a philosophy like GNH, the idea based on the prescriptive social norm, and the
philosophy for the sufficiency of the standard of living. Only the individual to the standard of living is
individual satisfaction is strongly related to this philosophy.
The idea of GNH offers a vision that supposes to be a standard to satisfy, and individual aspect in a
society as well as indispensable to help individual autonomy.
“GNH (Gross National Happiness)” is a philosophy for building the nation by pursuing happiness. This
concept could be applied in other countries by making some adjustments to meet local requirements. The
basis of GNH is process to have a methodology. Knowledge process greatly changes into the event and
the situation by the methodology to obtain.
This paper to obtain to discuss, how people get their satisfaction in respect of living standard and what
is necessary to improve the standard of living of prescribing, based on the GNH concept.
First of all, in the course of consideration of each GNH indicator, it is helpful to understand the essence
of GNH to change the view of from “what” to “why”. This depends on individual, that is, GNH itself is
able to be pursued based on each individual’s thought.
economists criticize as GNH accepts poverty. This criticism is based on the precondition that poor
people are not happy. This precondition denies, economic theory itself, as it cannot be concluded that all
poor people are not happy. Whether people are happy or not depends on their own action of the mind.
This is because some economists do not accept GNH and its fundamental theory. However, GNH should
be focused on the process theory by some economist.
First of all, how to advance the main discourse defines the standard of living in GNH. And, this paper
clarifies the diversity of an existing standard of living indicator and GNH. Then, paper will try to explain
what is necessary for people to be satisfied with the standard of living. In conclusion, Paper will explain
what kind of factor is necessary to the improvement of the standard of living of prescribing it with GNH.