mongkol - The Development of Thai Mental Health Indicator...

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The Development of Thai Mental Health Indicator (TMHI): From past to present Apichai Mongkol Deputy Director-General Department of Mental Health, Thailand,apichiam@inet.co.th Tavee Tangseree Director of Khon Kaen Rajanagarindra Psychiatric Hospital, Thailand, Pichet Udomratn Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand, Watchanee Huttapanom Psychiatric Nurse, Khon Kaen Rajanagarindra Psychiatric Hospital, Thailand, Huttapanom2000@hotmail.com Worawan Chutha, Mental health Department, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand, wankhem@hotmail.com Theme : Social Transformation Research domain : Psychological well-being Abstract Thailand was realized the importance and need of developing Thai mental health indicator to investigate the mental health of Thai people. In 2000, Thai mental health indicator in individual level was developed to study the country-wide mental health of Thai people and to examine the change of mental health or well-being of Thai people. The objective of this paper is to present the processes of developing Thai mental health indicator from 2000 to nowadays. The mental health indicator is a worthy and useful instrument, especially to investigate the country-wide happiness of Thai people in 2000 and 2005. Methods This paper is to review the both researches on Thai Mental Health Indicator (TMHI). The sample size of the 1 st research on TMHI was the population from north-east region, but the 2 nd population from all regions. . The determination of sample size was from the statistic formula. The both TMHI researches were split into 3 phases including: Phase I, it was to study the content validity. Phase II, it was to study the first construct validity, and Phase III, it was to study the second construct validity, reliability, concurrent validity, and normal value. In each time of developing the research instrument, the meeting of the mental health experts including psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses, psychologists and social workers was done to discuss the research data in each phase. The data collectors were nurses, psychologists, and social workers with training workshop until could use the research tool skillfully. Research
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statistics were descriptive statistic, Factor analysis, Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient, and Kappa statistic. Results The 2000’s Thai Mental Health Indicator (TMHI) had 2 versions: full (66 items) and short (15 items) versions; with 4 domains including 1) mental state 2) mental capacity 3) mental quality 4) supporting factors); and with 20 sub-domains. The scores were divided into 3 groups: good, fair, and poor mental health. Adjusted in 2003, the Thai Mental Health Indicator (TMHI) had 2 versions: complete version (54 items) and short version (15 items) with the same 4 domains, but only 15 sub-domains. The scores were divided into 3 groups: good (118-162 points), fair (99-117 points), and poor mental health (98 points or below). The short version scores were also divided into 3 groups: good (33-45 points), fair (28-34 points),
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2011 for the course UNIV 2201 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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mongkol - The Development of Thai Mental Health Indicator...

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