pennock - The Gross National Happiness Abridged Survey...

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The Gross National Happiness Abridged Survey Michael Pennock, Population Health Epidemiologist, Vancouver Island Health Authority, Victoria, BC. Canada [email protected] Dasho Karma Ura, Director, Centre of Bhutan Studies Thimphu Bhutan [email protected] Theme: Global Standards and Local Diversity Research domain: Other- Measurement of GNH Based upon the results from a pretest of a large Gross National Happiness questionnaire that was developed by the Centre of Bhutan Studies for use in Bhutan, a shorter generic version of the survey was developed for use in other countries and jurisdictions. As far as possible, the survey utilizes items from scales that are widely utilized to provide comparability. It attempts to measure the multidimensional nature of happiness, as reflected in the GNH framework, as well as the principle determinants of happiness. The Centre for Bhutan Studies is now interested in working with researchers from other jurisdictions to pretest and develop this version of the GNH survey. The authors wish to acknowledge the contributions of the research officers and staff within the Centre for Bhutan Studies for the invaluable contributions they made to the development of the GNH Questionnaire.
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During the fall of 2006 a population survey measure of Gross National Happiness was developed and pretested by the Centre of Bhutan Studies for use in Bhutan. The final survey instrument was composed of 1500 variables across eleven domains and took between 4 to 7 hours to administer. Many of the items were specific to the Bhutanese context and would not be relevant to other cultures or nations. A shorter and more generic version of the survey was therefore developed for use in other jurisdictions. The Bhutanese version of the survey faced a number of challenges- 1. A large proportion of the populace was illiterate and consequently the survey had to be administered as an interview. 2. Many of the five-point response scales could not be adequately translated and, consequently they were reduced to three-point scales. 3. Time use was difficult to measure in many of the rural settings where watches and clocks are not routinely available and many people do not organize their day around specific hours. 4. The measurement of economic status and income was difficult in many rural areas where people operate outside of the cash economy. The final survey was administered to 300 Bhutanese in rural and urban areas. The results are currently being analyzed by the staff at the Centre of Bhutan Studies. Both the Bhutanese and generic versions attempted, as far as possible, to use items from other national or international surveys so that comparisons with other applications would be possible. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the Gross National Happiness
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pennock - The Gross National Happiness Abridged Survey...

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