trkulja - HAPPINESS AS INDICATOR AND PLANNING OBJECTIVE FOR...

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HAPPINESS AS INDICATOR AND PLANNING OBJECTIVE FOR THE SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY Sini š a Trkulja, Faculty of Geography, University of Belgrade, Serbia, strkulja@gef.bg.ac.yu Theme: Global Standards and Local Diversity Research domain: Good Governance ABSTRACT The spatial planning process consists basicly of two phases – analisys and synthesis. In the analysis phase various indicators are used to estimate the state of development in a country or in a region. The synthesis phase corresponds to spatial development policy which is shaped following certain planning objectives. The use of happiness as an indicator and as a planning objective is an original approach. From the European perspective this approach is innovative and interesting for the comparative analysis of spatial development policies, having in mind that in the contemporary world cooperation and relations among different countries, cultures and practices are increasing. INTRODUCTION SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY FROM ITS APPEARANCE TO THE PARADIGME OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT The need for planning appeared first in towns, so the urbanism was the activity which preceded the spatial planning with its components of urban and regional planning. The term planning refers to future having in mind medium or long term development. Regional planning takes into account surroundings and urban-rural relationship. Spatial planning should take into account development from local to global level in short to long term perspective. The development of urbanism with elements of urban planning can be observed since the antic times, through middle ages, until today. Some towns that were organised following certain planning conceptions (Dubrovnik, Barcelona, Paris) still witness the efforts of urban planning in the old times. The regional planning appears especially in the fourth decade of the twentieth century with the economic crisis and need for planning and control of development. Documents like Athens Charter in 1933 [1] or meeting of planning experts like the one in Chateau d’Ardennes, Belgium in 1937 [2] show the intention to develop the research and the practice of spatial development planning. After the Second world war the need for reconstruction, intensification of development pace and further organisation of space
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started in the previous decade led to the multiplication of activities in the field of spatial development. In that second half of the twentieth century, with decolonisation the world gets its shape similar to the one that it has today. Nation-states are getting consolidated as main actors on the international scene and the inner shaping of national policies is taking place. Spatial development policies are getting their forms in that period with various models. The internationalisation of development finally occurs at threshold of the centuries in the last decade of the previous and the first decade of the present century. That internationalisation is accompanied by the wider acceptance of the sustainable development as new development
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2011 for the course UNIV 2201 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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trkulja - HAPPINESS AS INDICATOR AND PLANNING OBJECTIVE FOR...

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