lecture 8 slides - Chapter 8 2 Sense of Self Erikson...

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Chapter 8
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2
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Sense of Self Erikson: Initiative vs. Guilt Initiative = desire to act independently from parents and becoming autonomous Guilt = guilt of unintended consequences resulting in shame and self-doubt Self-concept Collectivist vs. individualistic Race & ethnicity Gender 3
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Sex vs. Gender Sex – physical and biological traits Gender – social or cultural traits Gender Identity – A recognition that one is male or female and the internalization of this knowledge into one’s self- concept. This sense of maleness or femaleness typically results from a combination of biological and psychic influences, including the environmental effects of family and cultural attitude.” APA Dictionary of Psychology, p. 401 4
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Gender Identity 2.5 years = identify others and own gender 3-4 years = beginning of stereotypes 4-5 years = beginning of gender constancy Gendered play: Sex segregation seems universal Boys vs. girls Boys are more spontaneous (rough-and-tumble)
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2011 for the course BIOLOGY 1402 taught by Professor Held during the Fall '11 term at Texas Tech.

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lecture 8 slides - Chapter 8 2 Sense of Self Erikson...

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