Abnormal Psychology lecture 2

Abnormal Psychology lecture 2 - Abnormal Psychology 8/31/11...

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Abnormal Psychology 8/31/11 Consequences of the Biological Tradition Mental illness=physical illness o Hospitalization without treatment Emil Kraeplin (1856-1926) o Little involvement in treatment o Focused on diagnosis and classification of various disorders The psychological Tradition Psychosocial approaches of abnormal behavior focus on psychological as well as social and cultural factors. The rise of moral therapy (1800’s) o More humane treatment of institutionalized patients o Encouraged and reinforced social interaction o Many patients were “cured” Psychoanalytic Theory Freudian theory of the structure and function of the mind Structure of the mind o Id (pleasure principle; illogical, emotional, irrational) o Ego (reality principle; logical and rational) o Superego (moral principles; keeps Id and Ego in balance) Primary goal of therapy Make the unconscious conscious- find the hidden meanings o “insight” into thoughts, feelings, and other mental activity previously outside of awareness o Once we have awareness of unconscious, then the goal is to control it/them instead of letting it/them control us
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Abnormal Psychology lecture 2 - Abnormal Psychology 8/31/11...

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