Abnormal Psychology lecture 5

Abnormal Psychology lecture 5 - Abnormal Psychology Example...

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Abnormal Psychology 9/9/11 Example: Sue V codes have clinical significance. Axis I- V61.10- Partner Relationship problem, R/O (ruled out) Alcohol Abuse Axis II- 301.6- Dependent PD (personality disorder) Axis III - - None Axis IV- - problems with primary support group; victim of physical abuse Axis V - GAF=60- (current) Unresolved issues in the DSM-IV-TR “fuzzy” categories make it difficult to diagnose, contributing to comorbidity o Comorbidity- Presence of two or more disorders in person at the same time Example: ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder o Often the rule, not the exception (anxiety and depression) Quest for reliability threatens validity of disorder o Example: depression Categories may change with new knowledge, not set in stone Labeling issues and stigmatization Labeling: giving a name to a phenomenon or pattern of behavior o Psychological labels have negative connotations and tend to become pejorative Identification with label can affect self-esteem; o Self-fulfilling prophecy Label behavior NOT the person o Tom is diagnosed with schizophrenia vs. Tom is “schizophrenic” Basic Components of Research Starts with a hypothesis or “educated guess” o Not all hypotheses are testable o Hypotheses in science are formulated so that they are testable Research design o A method to test hypotheses o Independent
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Abnormal Psychology lecture 5 - Abnormal Psychology Example...

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