Abnormal Psychology Lecture 1 Test 2

Abnormal Psychology Lecture 1 Test 2 - Abnormal Psychology...

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Abnormal Psychology 9/19/11 Lecture 1 Anxiety Disorders Chapter 4 The Complexity of Anxiety Disorders Anxiety o A negative mood state characterized by bodily symptoms of physical tension and by apprehension about the future Inability to predict or control future events Can be helpful… how? o Anxiety curve: too much or too little can be problematic Closely related to depression Fear o Immediate alarm reaction to current danger(s) or life-threatening emergencies Activates autonomic nervous system o Fight or flight response o Serves for protection and survival Panic o A “false alarm” Sudden overwhelming fright or terror Panic attacks o Abrupt experience of intense fear or discomfort paired with physical symptoms (dizziness, increased heart rate, shortness of breath, chest pain) Situationally bound- cued by specific situation, event, object (phobias) Unexpected- uncued, can happen anytime (panic disorder) Situationally predisposed- likely but not guaranteed (panic disorder) Causes (Multi-demensional) Biological o Inherited tendency to react to negative environmental stimuli Polygenetic contribution o Depleted GABA levels associated with increased anxiety o Limbic system most associated with anxiety o Amygdale- regulates emotions and our ability to learn and control impulses Biological Contributions- continued Behavioral inhibition system for anxiety o Activated by signals from brain stem or cortex, leading us to freeze
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Abnormal Psychology Lecture 1 Test 2 - Abnormal Psychology...

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