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Abnormal Psychology lecture 3

Abnormal Psychology lecture 3 - Abnormal Psychology Panic...

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Unformatted text preview: Abnormal Psychology 9/23/11 Panic Disorder with and without Agoraphobia • Treatment: Medication/ biological o Benzodiazepines o Tricyclic antidepressants o Serotonin specific reuptake inhibitors (SSRI’s) • Many adverse side effects o Sexual dysfunction in 75% of cases o Physical and psychological dependence o Cognitive and motor impairment (slowed function) o Works for 60% of individuals Relapse rates high (50-90%) if discontinued Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) • A. Exposure to traumatic event- both are present: o Experienced, witnessed, confronted with event involving actual or threatened death, serious injury, or threat to physical integrity of self or others o Response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror • B. Continuing to re-experience event through memories reenactments, nightmares, flashbacks, intense psychological distress and physiological reactivity to cues that remind of event • C. Avoidance of stimuli that remind of trauma, numbed emotional responses (forgetting event, diminished interest in activities) • D. Persistent symptoms of increased arousal (not present before trauma) o Difficulty falling or staying asleep, hyper vigilance, problems concentrating irritability • E. Duration of B,C, and D is more than 1 monthE....
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