sol practice - STUDY GUIDE World History and Geography to...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 STUDY GUIDE World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. WH1.2 Early development of humankind from the Paleolithic Era to the agricultural revolution a. impact of geographic environment on hunter- gatherer societies b. characteristics of hunter-gatherer societies, including their use of tools and fire; c. technological and social advancements that gave rise to stable communities; d. how archaeological discoveries are changing present-day knowledge of early peoples WH1.2A - GEOGRAPHIC ENVIRONMENT ON HUNTER-GATHERER SOCIETIES How did physical geography influence the lives of early humans? The life of early hunter-gatherer societies was shaped by their physical environment. Homo sapiens emerged in east Africa between 100,000 and 400,000 years ago. Homo sapiens migrated from Africa to Eurasia, Australia, and the Americas. Early humans were hunters and gatherers whose survival depended on the availability of wild plants and animals. WHI.2B - HUNTER-GATHERER SOCIETIES ; USE OF TOOLS AND FIRE What were the characteristics of hunter-gatherer societies? Early human societies, through the development of culture, began the process of overcoming the limits set by the physical environment. Hunter-gatherer societies during the Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age) Were nomadic (migrated in search of food, water, shelter) Invented the first tools, including simple weapons Learned how to make and use fire Lived in clans Developed oral language Created ―cave art‖ WHI.2C - TECHNOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL ADVANCEMENTS THAT GAVE RISE TO STABLE COMMUNITIES How did the beginning of agriculture and the domestication of animals promote the rise of settled communities? The beginning of settled agriculture (including permanent settlements) was a major step in the advance of civilization. Societies during the Neolithic Era (New Stone Age) Developed agriculture (domesticated plants) Domesticated animals Used advanced tools Made pottery Developed weaving skills WHI.2D - ARCHAEOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES ARE CHANGING PRESENT- DAY KNOWLEDGE OF EARLY PEOPLES How does archaeology provide knowledge of early human life and its changes? Archaeologists continue to find and interpret evidence of early humans and their lives. Archaeologists study past cultures by locating and analyzing human remains, settlements, fossils, and artifacts. Archaeologists apply scientific tests such as carbon dating to analyze fossils and artifacts. Stonehenge is an example of an archaeological site in England that was begun during the Neolithic and completed during the Bronze Age. Aleppo and Jericho are examples of early cities in the Fertile Crescent studied by archaeologists. Çatalhöyük is an example of a Neolithic settlement
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course HISTORY 1027469 taught by Professor Sacks during the Spring '11 term at Thomas Jefferson School of Law.

Page1 / 16

sol practice - STUDY GUIDE World History and Geography to...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online