AP* World History Study Guide and Graphic Organizers – Unit 1: Foundations, ~8000 BCE – 600 CE
Themes in AP* World History
Cultural and intellectual developments
Gender and social structures
Encounters and interactions between societies
Changes and continuities across time periods
Changes in the environment
All themes are related to one another!
Why you should know this
Knowledge of these themes assists you especially when developing a thesis for an essay.
Moreover, because these themes are overarching, they will most likely be the basis of the essay questions.
always keep these themes in mind when analyzing civilizations and societies, both when you are comparing two different
societies and when you are tracing change over time within a society or region.
Note the interaction/relationship between
Analyze the impact of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment is an example of a intellectual development that contributed to interactions between
societies (as philosophes contacted each other across countries and continents) and had a profound impact on
gender and social structures as well as political organization.
Regions of the World
To make comparisons and analysis of world events easier, the world is divided into geographical
Modern countries in the region
Historical examples of countries in the region
China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea
Chinese dynasties, Japanese shogunates
Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Indonesia,
Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Brunei
French Indochina, British colonies, Siam,
Angkor Kingdom, Dutch East Indies
India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri
and North Africa
Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Morocco, Israel, Turkey, Iran,
Iraq, Afghnstan, Syria, Lebanon, Lybia, Tunisia,
Algeria, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Yemen,
Muslim caliphates, Ancient civilizations (Nile
Valley, Mesopotamia, Sumer, Kush, etc.),
Hebrew Kingdoms, Ottoman Empire, Persia
Russia, Mongolia, the “-stans”, Georgia
Nomad territories, Duchies of Kiev, Moscovy,
Countries below the Sahara: Nigeria, Somalia,
Congo, Kenya, South Africa, Zimbabwe, etc.
Swahili city-states, European colonies,
Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Lithuania,
Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia, Croatia,
Kosovo, Hungary, Latvia, Estonia, etc.
Partitions of Poland, Austria-Hungary, Soviet
satellite countires (Eastern Bloc),
Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Ottman Empire,
United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal,
Italy, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Sweden,
Netherlands, Denmark, Belgium
Roman Empire, Holy Roman Empire, Gaul,
Aragon, Castile, Papal States, Prussia,
Anschluss, European Union
Canada, United States, Mexico