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PHILO1200Assgmt5 - impeded by any means or we allow our...

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Name: Shanni Deng 21 October 2008 T.A.: Kristina Biniek Weekly Assignment #5 4.1.3 – 1 mark . If a claim conflicts with our background information, we have good reasons to doubt it. 4.1.7 – 2 marks . When experts disagree on a claim, we should postpone our judgements until the dispute is settled or we become experts ourselves. 4.1.11 – 3 marks . We should suspect that an expert is biased if he is being paid by special-interest groups or companies to render an opinion, expresses a very strong belief in a claim even though there is no supporting evidence, or is subject to incentives (i.e. financial gain) from the actions or policies that he supports. 4.1.13 – 2 marks . We have good reasons to doubt personal experience when our perceptual powers are impaired or
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Unformatted text preview: impeded by any means, or we allow our minds to manufacture what we want and expect to perceive. 4.1.16 – 1 mark . Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for or use only confirming evidence – information that supports one’s preconceptions – to accept a claim. 4.1.19 – 3 marks . Availability error is the act of relying on evidence not because it is trustworthy but because it is memorable or striking and psychologically available. If we were to rely on evidence based on how easily they are brought to mind, then we are making hasty generalizations at the same time – rushing to conclusions based on impressions, not validations....
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